An explanation of site hosting
As its name suggests, web hosting is a solution, which entails hosting online content. There are various forms and types of hosting, depending on the mission and on the functions. Yet, they all refer to hosting files, which, once hosted, are made available through the World Wide Web. A web host is actually a web server that is connected to the Web and has its own personal IP address, which enables people to have access to it via the Web. The web hosting server's configuration and its limitations are dependent on the form of hosting service it's going to be used for.
What are the different forms of web hosting?
Depending on the application, the business hosting service may be:
File Storage Web Hosting - this type of web hosting allows the clients to lodge their files on a given web hosting server. With the traditional file storage hosting solution, the files that are accommodated may only be accessed by the client that's availing of the service. This web hosting solution usually refers to backups of computers , documents, personal files and even other hosting servers. This solution may also involve given restrictions with regard to the data storage space and the root-level access. There may also be bandwidth limitations, but that depends on the particular web host.
Warez Hosting - the so-called warez web hosting service is very similar to the previous hosting service form. Nevertheless, unlike the file storage web hosting solution, the warez hosting solution is utilized for distributing copyrighted content without being given the okay to do so by the license bearer. In short - it refers to the illegitimate transmission of files and materials. There are many approaches for this to be realized, but the two main approaches are - via plain Hypertext Transfer Protocol downloading and via P2P connections. The first way entails either a certain web portal, or, most often, simply a directory on a web hosting server that's been made available for everyone to access it and thereby download patented docs free of cost. The second way entails a P2P connection, using the so-called Torrent servers, through which people transfer files between each other. There aren't many web page hosting firms that permit such type of web hosting on their hosting servers, mostly due to all the legal problems that it presupposes. Typically such web portals are hosted on private dedicated servers that are registered by 3rd party corporations either in the Middle East or in Asia.
Mail Web Hosting - this solution is utilized with both shared web page hosting and dedicated hosting servers, based on the user's wish. If you would like to launch your own private SMTP email server, then you will require either a virtual private web server or a dedicated web hosting server that provides the level of access required to accomplish such a task. For traditional e-mail web hosting purposes, however, you can open a simple shared web space hosting account, to which you can point the MX records of your domain name. This is not a service that's widely famous, since the web page hosting and the electronic mail hosting services are being served by 2 separate servers, usually owned by separate hosting providers.
Web Page Hosting - the most widely spread and vastly used hosting service at the moment. It's utilized for hosting website files, whose type is determined by the Operating System the web hosting server is making use of - Linux or Windows. Different kinds of files request different server OSs, otherwise they won't be exhibited accurately on the Internet. This kind of web hosting may have server storage and traffic quota limitations, root access and CPU usage restrictions.
Depending on the mission and on the usage, the user should choose the type of server that he needs for his project, and, of course, the site hosting firm that's going to supply it. There are various kinds of servers, based on the configuration and the web hosting solutions that they provide. These are:
Shared Hosting Server - a shared site hosting server offers a smaller quantity of system resources, which, of course, reflects on the cost of the service. It can be used for hosting small scale and middle sized web portals, which do not need enormous amounts of server space and bandwidth.
Semi-Dedicated - they perform on the very same principle as the shared hosting servers. In spite of that, there are much less users sharing the same web hosting server. That is why, each of them will receive a larger quota of the web server's resources like RAM, storage space, traffic and CPU. Perfect for hosting bulky web portals that do not require complete root access.
VPS hosting - the virtual private hosting servers are excellent for middle scale online portals, which do need root access to the web hosting server's configuration files. Traditionally, there are a handful of VPS server accounts sharing the same server. Yet, each of them is insulated from the rest and has its own Operating System.
Dedicated Server - a completely dedicated physical server configured and accessed by you and solely you. It guarantees a big amount of resources. It also offers full root access, which makes it a perfect solution for any sort of web page that demands a webspace hosting service.
The only question that remains is:
Which hosting company should I opt for?
As stated above, there are just a few providers providing warez hosting services due to legal complications. Such companies are being shut down practically every month. For that reason, if you desire to offer such a service, you should do it on your own personal computer. The shared webspace hosting service is the most popular type of hosting service. Hence, every web space hosting corporation offers it. Not all of them, though, provide solutions such as virtual web hosting servers, semi-dedicated web hosting servers and dedicated web hosting servers. Most of the smaller web space hosting providers do not have the means needed for offering those services. For that reason it's invariably best to opt for a larger web host that can provide its customers with all the solutions that they seek. You can quickly recognize such companies by the kinds of solutions that they are supplying and by the manner in which they introduce them to the clientele. For instance, certain hosting companies permit you to begin with a low-end web hosting package and subsequently move to a more advanced one, if you find it mandatory to do so. This is extremely suitable, since you do not need to transmit websites between web servers and there is no danger of experiencing service disturbances due to all the problems that may occur. Hosting providers such as Free Hostia offer all types of services and have the required web hosting server resources and personnel to assure that their clients will not encounter any problems when changing services, which is what a top hosting corporation is in fact all about.